Recompiling CP/M 2.2 from the sources

Preparation required for z80pack release 1.8:
Before you do anything else, you need to get your drive i: harddisk that came with z80pack out of the way, the 4 disk drives weren't enough for a setup:
	cd ~/z80pack-x.y/cpmsim/disks
	mv drivei.cpm library/hd-tools.dsk
This is not required with z80pack releases later than 1.8, the disk setup in the distribution is done appropriate already.

Download and Installation of the disk images:
Download the archive with the disk images and unpack the archive under ~/z80pack-x.y/cpmsim with tar xzvf cpm2src.tgz. Type cpm2src to mount the disks and start the emulation, the script checks if the drives c:, d: and i: are empty, before formating and mounting disks.

Drive a: contains a CP/M 2.2 system, the ISIS interface to CP/M 2.2 and the necessary tools. Also the ISIS assembler asm80 is on drive a.
Drive b: contains the ISIS PL/M-80 compiler, linker and tools needed to compile and link the CP/M programs written in PL/M-80.
Drive c: is the scratch disk used by the build scripts.
Drive d: is the destination disk, we are going to build a bootable CP/M 2.2 from the sources on this drive.
Drive i: includes the CP/M 2.2 sources.

The ISIS environment included on the both tool disks is the minimal required set for building CP/M 2.2, due to drive size limitations. More complete ISIS tool disks are available as separate download.

Compiling the transient programs:
The new OS on drive d: is build with a few batch commands:

	submit cmd1
	submit cmd2 <- this will break ed, don't execute, needs to be fixed
	submit cmd3
	submit cmd4
	submit cmd5
Compiling the kernel:
For the kernel (MOVCPM) there are two choices:
	submit kernel-m	build for Intel MDS800, as it was distributed by DRI
	submit kernel-s build for Z80 simulator, you probably want this
Creating a bootable disk:
Use the following commands to relocate the kernel and write it onto system tracks of drive d:
	d:movcpm 64 *
	save 34 d:cpm64.sys
	d:sysgen d:cpm64.sys
	type d for destination drive, followed by two CR
The new build movpm program might not work on your current system, DRI used a lot of serialization code in cpmove.asm to verify the kernel in with the current running one. The program will run into a HALT opcode which will abort the emulation, in case the versions don't match. To overcome this problem run movcpm under control of ddt and patch out the jumps to the error handler:
	2700 0100
	0234 C2 0
	0235 5A 0
	0236 02 0
	0237 02 .
	02CB C2 0
	02CC 5A 0
	02CD 02 0
	02CE 23 .
	-i64 *

	CONSTRUCTING 64k CP/M vers 2.2
	"SAVE 34 CPM64.COM"
To try out the new disk leave cpmsim, move the disk image from drive d: to drive a: and start cpmsim, if everything went ok CP/M 2.2 will boot.

Patched CP/M 2.2 source disk:
There is a second harddisk image available for download with some of the official DRI patches applied to the sources. Because this archive includes the harddisk image and shell script to mount disks only, the original source archive must be installed first.

Patches applied so far
Note/Patch Files affected Description
CPM22PAT.03 SUBMIT.PLM Create $$$.SUB always on A:, so that a submit job can run from any drive
CPM22APN.12 SUBMIT.PLM Do not convert input to upper case. Try i:subtest.sub for example

In the sources the original code is commented out and the modification is commented with the patch number in this form: ***CPM22APN.02***.

Building a CP/M 2.2 kernel for other systems:
This can easily be done by using kernel-s.sub as a start. Modify the script to use boot and BIOS code for the destination system, instead of using boot.z80 and bios.asm for the Z80 emulation. The boot code needs to be originated at the address, where the boot ROM loads it into memory, movcpm doesn't relocate the boot code. A custom BIOS needs to be originated at address 1600H for the relocation.

Questions and Answers:
Q: Why are there relocation errors when building ddt, xsub and movcpm?
A: The genmod utility normaly is used to build page relocatable binaries. The program is abused a bit, by building executables including a non relocatable module, the loader, and a relocatable module. The relocation errors are warnings about the non relocatable parts of the programs and can be ignored.